Posts filed under ‘Tantric art’
On 2008 I joined various e-groups to participate in the discussions about Odisha and western Odisha. On that year April first I received various e-mails protesting the name of Utkala Divasa. The common complain was that the present Odisha is an amalgamation of Kosala, Kalinga and Utkala, which some historians also refer as Trikalinga. Even today, the common complain from the people of western Odisha (Kosal region) is that there is no mention of Kosal in the history books of Odisha.
Culturally and linguistically western Odisha is different from coastal Odisha. There have been significant archaeological excavations of the upper Mahanadi valley (both western Odisha and Chhattisgarh region). It is evident that western Odisha had shakti, tantric and tribal culture unlike the coastal Orissa which is mainly dominated by Vaishnva culture. The 64 Yogini temple of Ranipur-Jharial, Balangir is a living monument of tantric civilization. In this regard, the “Sasisena Kavya” narrate an interesting incident happened in Sonepur with respect to a tantric expert known as “Jynanadei Maluni”. If you are visiting western Odisha through river Mhanadi you will see that on both sides of Mahanadi there are lord Shiva temples. Prof. Sadhu Charan Panda has done lot of research on Nagas found in these temples.
Ramai Dev of Patna (present day Balangir) founded the Chauhan rule in western Odisha. The Somavamsi kings of Sonepur established many of the Shiva temples in Bhubaneswar and they have set the norms for worshiping the lord Shiva in BBSR. Today, the temples of Mandiramalini Sonepur bear a deserted look; whereas govt. is spending lot of money to preserve the temples in Bhubaneswar. Today, the old capital of Somavamsi rulers is no where to be found in the tourist map of Odisha. So far, the intelligentsias of Odisha are running away from the word Kosal and Kosli language. This is also cited as one of the reasons for instigating the Kosli language movement and separate Kosal state movement.
Jitamitra Prasad Singh Deo in his book “Cultural Profile of South Kosala” points out that “in the early period the South Kosala state was formed on the upper Mhanadi valley (western Odisha and Chhattisgarh); and in the early medieval period the people of Kosala tract originally spoke a language which was similar to the Bhojpuri Prakrit; whereas, the language of coastal Odisha had affinity with Magadhi.” This clearly indicates that there is a huge difference in the evolution pattern of languages of western Odisha and coastal Odisha.
In the past former MP Sriballav Panigrahi, former MP and current Odisha minister Prasanna Acharjya and present MP Bhakta Charan Das have raised the issue of Kosli language in the parliament. In addition, some people and organizations from western Odisha are working for the recognition of Kosli language and culture. It is also learned that in some of the schools of western Odisha Kosli language will be a medium of education in the primary level.
Many have pointed out that now the Odisha govt. is observing Odisha day not Utkala Divasa. It is good. I have nothing against Utkala but let govt. establish few institutes like Kalinga University and Kosal University. Let there be Kalinga Gramya bank and Kosal gramya bank. The Odisha govt. should also recommend so that some trains should be named as Kosal express.
One can ask, after all what is in a name! But, this is the same reason why Mumbai is renamed after Mumbadevi and Chennai is named after Chennapattinam. Indeed, Orissa was renamed as Odisha. The local sentiments should be respected. It is better for all of us if we respect the history, language and culture of all the regions. After all, the beauty of India is in its diversity.
For 37-year-old Sonepur youth Sudam Naik, who comes from a humble background, achieving the distinction of being of the most successful researchers of the history of Western Orissa is no mean achievement.
He never studied in big cities or in renowned institutions. He passed matriculation from Maharaja High School in Sonepur and went to Sonepur College for graduation. Yet he has made a name for himself in the field of research on the history of Western Orissa, particularly Sonepur.
Naik has written over 100 articles in different Oriya journals and authored four books — Subarnapur Sahityara Itihasa (2006), Subarnapur Darbari Sahitya (2008), Mandira Malini Subarnapur (2006) and Subarnapur Itihasa (2011) — on the history of Sonepur.
Naik developed an interest for research on the history of Western Orissa in 1989-90 when he was studying in Sonepur College. “It was 1989-90. I was doing my graduation and developed an interest in research on arts and culture of Western Orissa. Eminent historian Prof Jagnya Kumar Sahu was the principal of our college and there was a book written by him in our course. When I came in his contact, I took interest in the history of Western Orissa, particularly Sonepur”, Naik said.
Naik said Prof Sahu acted as his philosopher and guide in his mission to work on the history of Western Orissa. “It was Prof Sahu who inspired me to take to research. Noted historian Sadananda Agrawal also helped and guided me,” Naik said.
Naik’s first book was Mandira Malini Subarnapur (temple town Subarnapur), which was published in 2006. “My articles on the temples of Subarnapur were serialised in various Oriya newspapers and later compiled into a book called Mandira Malini Subarnapur in 2006,” Naik said.
Talking about his source of research, Naik said he largely depended on the ‘darbari’ literature of Sonepur, which was published during the regime of Maharaja Bikramitradaya Singhdeo.
Profile of Maharaja Jitamitra Prasad Singhdeo
|1. Name||Jitamitra Prasad Singh Deo|
|2. Father’s Name :||Raja Anup Singh Deo|
|Mother’s Name :||Rani Shoubhagya Manjari Devi|
|3. Date of Birth :||29th August 1946|
|4. Permanent Address :||Palace Khariar P.O. Khariar – 766 107 Dist. Nuapada Orissa, India|
|5. Achievements through Discoveries:||(i)Discovered “Pre-historic Rock Art of Yogimath Donger,” on 21st Dec. 1970.(ii) Discovered “Pre-historic Rock Art of Ghat Ghumar,” on 13th March 1980.(iii)First person to draw the attention of Govts. of Orissa & India, including scholars to the Archacological importance of Maraguda Valley in Nuapada district, Orissa.
(iv) Discovered the Sarabhapuriya Copper Plates set of Mahajayaraja (Vide : Indian Museum Bulletin, Vol. XI, No.1, January 1976). Discovered many Antiquities, Terra-cottas and Palm leave manuscripts of Western Orissa. His extensive Collections are Archaeological remains have been displayed in KHARIAR BRANCH MESEUM, a Museum specially constructed for this purpose and opened on21st October 1976, by Govt. of Orissa. Now functioning at District Head Quarter Nuapada.
(v)Discovered many Archaeological antiquities in Kalahandi district and was instrumental in establishing ‘MANIKYAPUR MUSEUM,” at Bhawanipatna, the district headquarter of Kalahandi district in 1994.
(vi)Antiquities of archaeological interest like Beads, Terra-cottas, STONE BULLA, name plate inscription, archivical three volume Records of Appeal to Privy Council, record by Khariar Raja Brajaraj Singh Deo and four Gold coins of Sarabhapuriya dynasty, belonging to Sri Prasannamatra were presented to start. “ Dr. NABIN KUMAR SAHU” museum; of the History Dept. of Sambalpur University, during its formation early period, where they are exhibited at presented.
Presented one Gold coin of Sri Prasannamatra who belonged to Sarabhapuriya dynasties with other antiquities to Orissa State Museum, Bhubaneswar, where they are presented in coin cabinet and other Galleries
|6. List of Published Books:||J.P. Singh Deo is author of Critical Research papers on Archaeology, History, Yoga, Culture and their synthesis. His Eleven (11) Books are already published and five more Books are under various stages of publications. He is author of in-numerable Research papers, which are published in Journals, Bulletins, Magazines, Souvenirs, Weeklies and papers.|
Some of his books are :
- Cultural Profile of South Kosala,Gyan Publishing Houes, New Delhi, 1987, This book is included as a reference Course Book of History of Orissa, in course of P.G. Dept. of History, Sambalpur University.
- Origin of Jagannath Deity, Gyan publishing House, New Delhi, 1st edition 1991 and second edition 2003
- Tantric art of Orissa, Kalpaz publications, Delhi, 2001
- Character Assacination in Modern History of Orissa, R.N. Bhattacharya Publication, Kolkata, 2001
- Some Tantric Esotericism of Orissa, R.N. Bhattacharya publication, Kolkata, 2001
- Role – of Raja Rajendra Narayan Bhanja Deo of Kanika (Orissa), R.N. Bhattacharya Publication, Kolkata, 2003
- Tantric Hedonism of Mahanadi Valley (Uddiyana Pitha), D.K. Print World (P.) Ltd. New Delhi, 2004
- Archaeology of Orissa : With Special Reference to Nuapada and Kalahandi, R.N. Bhattacharya Publication, Kolkata, 2006.
- Evenful Life of an Orissa Province Maker (Diaries of Raja Sir Rajendra Narayan Bhanja Deo of Kanika (1908 to 1922 A.D.), R.N. Bhattacharya Publication, Kolkata, 2006
- Socio-Cultural History of Orissa : A case study of Khariar Estate,Punthi Pustak, Kolkata, 2006