Posts filed under ‘Hirakud’

After sixty-five years Hirakud land oustees to get land pattas

Following item is from The Pioneer:

Sixty-five years after, the State Government has realised the sufferings of the land oustees of Hirakud Reservoir project and decided to provide them regular land Pattas at the places of their settlement.

Besides, the Government has also decided to undertake a fresh survey of the demarcated submerged areas, now habitation of displaced families, to provide compensation within three months.

According to Revenue and Disaster Management Minister Surjya Narayan Patro on Friday, the decisions were taken at a high-level meeting on the problems of the Hirakud displaced families. The meeting was attended by the RDC, Sambalpur, District Collectors of Sambalpur and Jharsuguda.

Patro said the Hirakud Reservoir project, the construction of which was started in 1946, was completed in 1957. As many as 249 villages were declared as the submerged area and 26,501 families were displaced. Though they were settled at 14 rehabilitation colonies, no regular land Pattas were given to them leading to discontent among the affected families.

He said that though the dam was constructed with the design of the reservoir level at 632 feet, since the water level has been managed within 630 feet for over 40 years, the demarcated submerged areas within the two remaining feet have been turned into habitations by hundreds of families, who were denied basic Government facilities as they were treated as encroachers. In this background, it has been decided to undertake a joint survey of the status of the area and the settled families by the Revenue and Water Resources Departments for providing them compensation and other facilities.

Patro said it has also been decided to provide compensation and ex-gratia to the denied displaced families by making a fresh survey. The names of the affected families would be displayed in the official website and the list would be notified at the nearest tehsil offices to enable the genuine families to receive their compensation. An estimated `2 crore has been placed with the District Collectors since 1996-97 towards disbursement of compensation, the Minister added.


July 24, 2011 at 3:31 pm Leave a comment

Hirakud dam is no longer serving the farmers

Following is from the Samaja:

March 14, 2011 at 4:01 pm Leave a comment

Hirakud waits for migratory birds

Following is a report by

SAMBALPUR: Unlike previous years, there has been a delay in arrival of migratory birds to the Hirakud dam reservoir (HDR) this winter.

As winter sets in, migratory birds come down to HDR in large numbers.

Thousands of birds of different varieties migrate to this reservoir and stay for four months till February-end before flying back in the first week of March.

The winged guests from far-flung areas including the Caspian Sea, Biakal Lake, the Aral Sea, Mongolia, Central and South East Asia and Himalayan region flock to the reservoir in the first week of November every year for the winter sojourn.

The reservoir is the largest artificial lake in Asia with an area of 746 sq km and a shoreline of over 640 km.

Contrary to the trend in previous years, sufficient number of migratory birds are yet to descend on the reservoir this time.

Only a few migratory birds have come down to the HDR in the third week of this month much to the dismay of wildlife officials and bird lovers.

As per reports, over 21,000 migratory birds of about 27 varieties had flown into HDR last year whereas only a few birds of at least two varieties have reportedly been seen till date during the current year.

Nearly 20-25 species of birds are seen in the reservoir and common among them are Common Pochard, Red Crusted Pochard, Great Duck Bill, Spot Bill (Grey Duck), Great Crested Grebe, Little Grebe, Pond Heron, Painted Stork, Whiskered Tern, Indian River Tern, Gadwall and Red Wattled Lapwing and Black Winged Stilt.

Normally, the winged guests ensconce in Zero Point in Burla, Pitapali, Rampela, Budakanta, Launch Station, Balbaspur in Sambalpur district, Ubuda, Marang, Bhatlikanta, Desar, Ganakhulia, Unneishkhanda Mauza in Jharsuguda and Tamdei Rengali, Govindpur, Barduma in Ambhabhona block of Bargarh district.

On the declining trend, Assistant Conservator of Forest (wildlife) Samir Mitra said the cold is yet to completely set in the region which might be one of the reasons behind the delay.

More and more birds are likely to descend on the reservoir in the next 15 to 20 days, he added.

November 28, 2010 at 6:15 pm Leave a comment

Will industries suck Hirakud dry?; Report by expressbuzz

Following report is from

SAMBALPUR: Will Hirakud dam dry up? With a number of power plants coming up in the upstream along the Mahanadi river in Chhattisgarh, water wars between Orissa and Chhattisgarh may become a reality. The Orissa Government seems to be unmindful of the way the thermal power plants, which would be mainly depending on the Mahanadi river, are coming up. And if that happens, thousands of acres of land in Orissa will become barren throwing up a host of other problems.

Using Hirakud dam for controlling flood will become a thing of the past.If reports are to be believed, work on many thermal power plants is underway and many are in the pipeline in Raigarh, Jangjir and Champa districts in Chhattisgarh. Most of these plants in their project reports have made it clear that they would be drawing water from the Mahanadi river. And if these projects are approved, it will not take long when water will stop flowing into Hirakud dam reservoir, making it useless.

NTPC is coming up with a 4,000 MW thermal power plant, AES Chhattisgarh projects will set up 1,440 MW plant, Green Infrastructure (1,200 MW unit), Wardha Power Company (3,600 MW plant), Essar Power Chhattisgarh Limited, SKS Ispat and Power have proposals (1,200 MW plant each), Jindal India Thermal Power (1,320 MW), Visa Power (1,200 MW plant), Patni Power Project and Mahavir Global Coal (540 MW plant each). All these projects are located in villages across Raigarh district and are at various stages of commissioning. Similarly, DB Power and Videocon Industries has proposed to generate 1,320 MW thermal power while Ispat Industries, GMR Energies, Athena Chhattisgarh Power, Chambal Infrastructure Ventures and Jain Energy have proposal to produce 1,200 MW of thermal power each.

This apart, Bhusan Power and Steel proposes to generate 1,000 MW, Sona Power, Ind Barath, Suryachakra Power Corporation and Korba West Power Company have proposed to generate 600 MW thermal power each and BEC Power has submitted a proposal to produce 500 MW of thermal power.

November 28, 2010 at 6:09 pm Leave a comment

Displaced families under the Hirakud dam project seek rehabilitation

Following is a report from The

THE HIRAKUD Dam (HD) in Orissa has the unique distinction of being the longest dam on earth. Built across the river Mahanadi, about 15 km upstream of Sambalpur, HD is the first post independence multi-purpose river valley project in India. It is intended for flood control irrigation and power generation. The foundation stone of the dam was laid by Sir Howthrone Lewis on March 15, 1946 and on January 13, 1957, Jawaharlal Nehru inaugurated the dam calling it the temple of modern India.

The project provides water for 1,55,635 hectares of Kharif and 1,08,385 hectares of Rabi irrigation of undivided Sambalpur, Bolangir and parts of Kalahandi districts. The water released through the power house further irrigates 4,36,000 hectares of the Mahanadi delta. The dam’s installed capacity of power generation is 307.4 mw through its two power houses. The project provides flood protection to 9,500 sq km of delta area in the districts of Cuttack and Puri.

At the time of its construction, the project involved submergence of 240 villages with fertile agricultural land of about 42,000 hectares. The land-owing peasants were paid compensation in cash, which varied from Rs 50 to 200 per acre. Around 22,000 families were displaced by the project and their displacement and rehabilitation has been a major issue in Orissa politics since the 1950s.

About 1.5 lakh people were affected by the Hirakud project.

In the original estimate, an amount of Rs 12 crores was provided for payment of compensation to the affected people. After revision, the amount was reduced to Rs 9.5 crores and the total compensation paid to the people was, in reality, only Rs 3.32 crores. A large number of families were evacuated from their hearth and homes without compensation from 1956 onwards.

At the moment, more than 6,000 families are yet to receive their compensation and due to faulty and inefficient recording of personal details, they have lost all hopes and have exhausted all efforts in the last 50 years. More than 10,000 people, on March 30, 2007, in Bhubaneswar, organised a rally, under the banner of Hirakud Budi Anchal Sangram Samiti, rising slogans against the government for its continuous apathy and indifference to the ousters of Hirakud Dam.

“Since long, the government and administration have been making promises to look into the grievances of the displaced people but nothing has been done. Out of the 22,000 families, 12,700 families are scheduled caste (SC) and scheduled tribe (ST), and these were forcibly displaced,” said Laxmi Gudu. He further added, “so far 7000 families have been resettled in 17 rehabilitation camps and neighbouring villages. It is estimated that about 9,944 families have not yet been rehabilitated and not been paid their due compensation. Providing homestead land and resettlement including other facilities for the ousters is laying in the cold storage since long. ”

The Hirakhand Nagarik Parishad (HKNP), an elite organisation of Sambalpur town, made a representation to the President of India complaining against the supply of water to the industries. They also alleged that the dry part of the reservoir is being encroached upon by some industrialists, who have raised concrete cement structures.

On October 26, 2006, the locals and farmers formed a 20 km long human chain, from one end of the dam to the other, to voice their protest against the decision of the state government. The people’s discontent has found expression through numerous rallies, protest marches and public discussion and meetings. The voice of protest hardly reaches the government seated in Bhubaneswar. Supply of water was seriously criticised at the national level conference of the Bharatiya Kisan Sangh, held at Delhi. It was pointed out that more than two lakh farmers, directly, and 50,000 farmers, indirectly, would lose their livelihood because of the government’s decision to supply water to industrial houses.

July 23, 2010 at 7:44 pm 1 comment

Hirakud Dam: Fifty Mournful Years- An article by Bikash pati and Manas biswal


Read the complete article here.

July 23, 2010 at 7:35 pm Leave a comment

Save Mahanadi water: Reports by The Samaj

Following are some reports about how to save the water of Mahanadi River. The editorial by Panchanan Kanungoo points out many valid points such as i) misutilization of water by industries, ii) water pollution, iii) insufficient water supply for agriculture and iv) steps required for judicious use of Mahanadi river. The other report writes about the mass-movement in Katak (Cuttack) to save the water of Mahanadi.

July 18, 2010 at 3:42 pm Leave a comment

Protest in Orissa over use of Mahanadi’s water by industries

Following is a report from The Sambad:

July 18, 2010 at 8:30 am Leave a comment

Hirakud Dam related news:India needs bill on dam safety – and fast

Following is a report by IANS taken from Yahoo news:

New Delhi, May 6 (IANS) With India having over 4,700 dams – the third largest number in the world – of which about 100 are more than a century old, a parliamentary panel has suggested the expeditious legislation concerning dam safety.

The Standing Committee on Water Resources, in its report submitted to parliament, said the government should introduce the Dam Safety Bill, 2010 in the budget session.

It said the legislation will help states adopt uniform dam safety norms and provide for proper surveillance, inspection and maintenance of dams of certain parameters.

The committee, headed by Beni Prasad Verma, said the ministry of water resources (MoWR) had informed it that the bill was expected to be introduced in the budget session. The Andhra Pradesh and West Bengal assemblies have passed resolutions empowering parliament to pass the dam safety bill.

According to the National Register of Large Dams, the country has 4,711 completed dams while around 390 are under construction.

Pointing out that there were 477 projects that had spilled over to the 11th Five Year Plan, the committee said some of these have been under execution for the past 50 years or more.

‘The committee desires that the MoWR should take concrete steps so that the spilled over projects, particularly of distant Five Year Plans, are completed during the Eleventh Plan period,’ the report said.

Expressing concern over the ‘tardy pace of execution’ of structures for artificial recharge of water, the committee said the MoWR should pursue the matter with greater vigour with states.

‘Against a target of 794 artificial recharge structures during the 11th Plan, only 121 structures have been completed whereas half the term of the plan is over,’ the committee noted.

It expressed unhappiness over non-achievement of targets for irrigation potential under the ambitious Bharat Nirman programme of the government.

Against the aim of creating irrigation potential of 10 million hectares (Mha) in four years (2005-06 to 2008-09), 7.31 Mha was created till March 2009, the committee said.

The need for legislation has been repeatedly emphasised by the National Committee on Dam Safety (NCDS), set up in 1987 with the membership of all states and organisations having a significant number of large dams.

While maintenance of the dams is the responsibility of the state governments and dam owners, a Dam Safety Organisation (DSO) was established at the Central Water Commission in May 1979 to develop guidelines for inspection of dams, check lists and other dam safety literature which has also been provided to the states.

The committee also said all information relating to water flow, contamination of surface and groundwater should be collated and ‘put under a suitable template for easy access of all’.

The report of the committee was presented to the Lok Sabha April 20 and tabled in the Rajya Sabha the same day.

May 8, 2010 at 10:16 am Leave a comment

Sonepur district’s water resource (rivers viz. Mahanadi, Tel, Ang, Surubali jore, Suktel, and Harihar Jore) and Orissa state govt’s failure in implementing irrigation projects: Dharitri

Following is a report from The Dharitri:

May 5, 2010 at 9:18 am 1 comment

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