Posts filed under ‘Aquaculture’
Following report is from http://www.icar.org.in/en/node/5134
The Central Institute of Freshwater Aquaculture (CIFA), Bhubaneswar with the Department of Fisheries, Govt. of Odisha today organized “stakeholders’ meet for promoting composite carp culture in Boudh’. Dr. P. Jayasankar, Director, CIFA urged all concerned institutions and agencies to bridge the gap between technology development and it implementation in the field. Sri Mahendra Kumar Mallik, District Magistrate & Collector, Boudh inaugurated the workshop. The Collector congratulated the CIFA for organizing such an interaction and urged the fisheries officers to develop fisheries in small reservoirs which are lying unutilized. Using MNREGA funds these reservoirs can be renovated and put to scientific fish farming, he added. Dr Radheyshyam, Principal Scientist in his address mentioned about the profitable aquaculture technologies developed by CIFA.
The collector inaugurated an exhibition on ‘Freshwater Aquaculture’ organized on the sidelines of the meet. Fish farming technologies, publications and products developed by the Institute were aesthetically displayed. Three leaflets “misritamatsyachasa’ ‘ farm made feed’ and ‘ women in aquaculture’ were released. A new website on the project “Transfer of technology of composite carp culture through demonstration among SC/ST women in Boudh and Purulia” was also launched.
Three progressive farmers – Rabindra Karna; Pramod Kumar Bishi and Giridhari Rana were felicitated for adopting scientific means of fish farming and providing leadership to the community. Sri Anantaram Behera, Fishery Extension Officer of Kantamal was also presented with a certificate of appreciation for his commendable extension work towards promoting fish farming. Fishery Extension Officers; scientists from CIFA, farm entrepreneurs , over one hundred farmers and farm women from Harbhanga, Kantamal and Boudh participated in the meet.
In the Plenary session, the experts stressed on popularization of carp farming in seasonal waterbodies and adoption of scientific practices, stocking of bigger fingerlings, manuring, application of farm made feed, backyard pond culture etc.
(Source: CIFA, Bhubaneswar)
Sonepur, Dec. 16: Dynamite explosion in river Mahanadi by the fishermen has endangered several species of fish here.
Sonepur, which is known as the fishing hub of Western Orissa, faces the threat of losing some rare species of fish due to explosion in the river. Such illegal activities in the river have also affected fish production with no substantial growth recorded in the recent years.
Sonepur is home to some rare species of fish, but in the absence of a proper riverine fishery policy, some of the rare species of fish face extinction over a period of time in Sonepur. The fisheries department in the district has recorded extinction of at least seven varieties of fish due to lack of conservation measures. Species like muser, jalang, gajsi, khursa, chinajhuri, turu and balia are no more found in the river. Currently, there are only six varieties of fish which the fisheries department breeds in its own hatchery here.
Thousands of fishermen eke out their living from the Mahanadi which is a natural breeding ground. However, of late the fishermen have been resorting to explosion in the river which ensures them more catch in small time.
Purandar Rout, a fisherman said: “In the traditional netting method it is difficult to get a good catch. It is very time consuming and then also you are not sure that you will get enough fish. We know using explosive is not good. But to get a good catch we have to use it.” Use of explosive not only endangered some rare species but it also polluted the water due to the dead fish. Hundreds of boatmen who used to ferry people to the other side of the river have taken to fishing after they lost their job a few years back, when a bridge was constructed over Mahanadi.
Additional director of fisheries, Sangeeta Pattnaik admitted that the explosion in the river had left some rare varieties of fish on the verge of extinction. “We know that explosion is going in the river, but there is nothing we can do about it. We are not armed with anything to curb such activity in the river,” she said.
The official further said, “As some rare varieties are not available in the river now, we do not have their seeds for hatchery and further breeding. We are now trying to restore the remaining dwindling varieties in nursery tanks and hatchery centres”.
Official figures show that fish production in the district in 2005 was 4,159 metric tonnes and there has not been any substantial growth in the five years with only 5,000 metric tonnes in the current year.
BALANGIR: In the absence of a proper riverine fishery policy, some of the rare species of fishes have become extinct over a period of time in Sonepur district, considered the hub of fishing in western Orissa because of its proximity to the river Mahanadi.
The Fishery Department in the district has recorded extinction of at least seven varieties of fish due to lack of conservation measures.
Species like (colloquially called) Muser, Jalang, Gajsi, Khursa, Chinajhuri, Turu and Balia faced extinction. Currently, there are only six varieties of fish which the Fishery Department breeds in its own hatchery, one of the most sophisticated hatcheries in Orissa.
As a result, business opportunities of around 10,000 fishermen have suffered a setback.
Assistant Director of Fisheries (ADF) Sangeeta Pattnaik said as the rare varieties are not available in the river now, we do not have their seeds for hatchery and further breeding.
“We are now trying to restore the remaining dwindling varieties in nursery tanks and hatchery centres,” said the ADF. She clarified that there was also no natural system for breeding and as a result seed rearing has been hit.
Sonepur’s fishing culture is old and thousands of fishermen eke out their living from the Mahanadi which is a natural breeding ground.
Hence, the State’s biggest hatchery was established here. It, however, remains dysfunctional except during seasons.
As per official figures, while fish production in the district in 2005 was 4,159 matric tonne, there has not been any substantial growth in the five years with only 5,000 matric tonne in the current year.
The ADF said seeds of the hatchery are of good quality and traders from other districts still come to Sonepur hatchery to procure them.
However, she lamented that due to inclement weather the department is able to produce only 50 lakh seeds a year whereas demand is just the double.
Tribal women learn fish farming in Boudh: An initiative by Central Institute of Freshwater Aquaculture (CIFA)
The Central Institute of Freshwater Aquaculture (CIFA) here has taken up a project for promotion of aquaculture in Boudh in Odisha and Purulia in West Bengal, both tribal-dominated districts.
The project is entitled ‘Transfer of technology of composite fish culture through demonstration among SC/ST women.’ Composite fish culture is the culture of six species of fish, Indian major carps rohu, catla and mrigal and exotic carps grass carp, silver carp and common carp, in a single water body. The project aims at transferring the technology of composite carp culture through demonstration.
A total of 10 hectares of water area spread over four ponds in Kantamal block of Boudh district has been adopted for demonstration. The ponds are leased by gram panchayat to women self help groups (SHGs) of SC and ST. A total of 114 women are participating in the programme.
A team of CIFA scientists interacted with the women members and shared information on composite fish culture recently. A total of 1 lakh fish fingerlings of 50-60-mm size have been stocked in the adopted ponds, informed senior scientist and in-charge of the project Dr HK De.